The vines of Arad county

Arad County vineyards, concentrated almost entirely in the Miniș – Măderat area, on hills that form the last ramifications of Zarand Mountains, stretch over approximately 60 kilometers in length and between 1 and 4 kilometers in width.

This area, located just 15 kilometers away from Arad, has many other tourist attractions. Besides tasting the red and white wines of Arad, tourists can go sightseeing, the landscapes blending the archaic and civilization together, a unique model of sustainable development in rural Europe.

It is said that the first ones interested in viticulture in this area were the free Dacians, but the first document dates from the beginning of the ninth century. Thus, Romania can be considered, alongside France, Italy, Germany and Spain, as “country of origin of the vine “in Europe.

The moderate, temperate-continental climate, with mild winters and short, early springs, hot summers and long autumns creates ideal conditions for vines. Soil composition, rich in metal oxides formed on eruptive rocks, along with the climate, are gifts of nature that contributed to the making of Miniș’s famous red wines, known since the mid eighteenth century.

Arad Vineyard consists basically of two wine centers: Minis (south) and Măderat (north), which is why it is called the Miniș – Măderat vineyard.

Coming from Lipova on national route DN 7, the tourist arrives in Paulis, located in the contact area of ​​the Mureş Corridor, the Plains of Arad and Zarand Mountains. In Paulis, a county road emerges from the main one, which passes through Ghioroc and from there on, to Pâncota. If the traveler continues on DN 7 to Arad, he arrives at the Monument of Paulis, sculpted by artist Ionel Munteanu, built near the village in honor of the Romanian soldiers of the Detachment of Paulis, who fell in battle to defend the Mureş Corridor in autumn 1944 against hortisto-fascist troops.

But if he continues his way to Ghioroc, the tourist walks past an old winery, located in the cellars of the building that housed, until a few years ago, the town hall. Wine tastings are organized on request. The tasting sessions usually begin with a light, white wine, specificto this area, called Mustoasă de Măderat. They continue with several other white varieties, then rose, and finally with red wines, including the famous Aszu from the Cadarca variety, first produced in 1744 in Miniș. The cultivation of this grape variety in Romania is now almost exclusively done in the Arad Vineyard.

The wine tasting session, usually held by the owner of the winery, Geza Balla, oenologist known in the country and abroad, ends with a goulash meal, a dish that is specific to this area, prepared by true culinary masters, along with plenty of wine.